2016 FORM 10-K

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STRYKER CORPORATION 2016 Form 10-K Dollar amounts in millions except per share amounts or as otherwise specified. 23 date of grant. The options are granted for periods of up to 10 years and become exercisable in varying installments. We grant RSUs to key employees and non-employee directors and PSUs to certain key employees under our long-term incentive plans. The fair value of RSUs is determined based on the number of shares granted and the quoted closing price of our common stock on the date of grant, adjusted for the fact that RSUs do not include anticipated dividends. RSUs generally vest in one-third increments over a three-year period and are settled in stock. PSUs are earned over a three-year performance cycle and vest in March of the year following the end of that performance cycle. The number of PSUs that will ultimately be earned is based on our performance relative to pre-established goals in that three-year performance cycle. The fair value of PSUs is determined based on the quoted closing price of our common stock on the day of grant. Compensation expense is recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings based on the estimated fair value of the awards on the grant date. Compensation expense recognized reflects an estimate of the number of awards expected to vest after taking into consideration an estimate of award forfeitures based on actual experience and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the period required to obtain full vesting. Management expectations related to the achievement of performance goals associated with PSU grants is assessed regularly and that assessment is used to determine whether PSU grants are expected to vest. If performance-based milestones related to PSU grants are not met or not expected to be met, any compensation expense recognized associated with such grants will be reversed. Income Taxes: Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and income tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted income tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax benefits generally represent the change in net deferred income tax assets and liabilities in the year. Other amounts result from adjustments related to acquisitions and foreign currency as appropriate. We operate in multiple income tax jurisdictions both within the United States and internationally. Accordingly, management must determine the appropriate allocation of income to each of these jurisdictions based on current interpretations of complex income tax regulations. Income tax authorities in these jurisdictions regularly perform audits of our income tax filings. Income tax audits associated with the allocation of this income and other complex issues, including inventory transfer pricing and cost sharing, product royalty and foreign branch arrangements, may require an extended period of time to resolve and may result in significant income tax adjustments if changes to the income allocation are required between jurisdictions with different income tax rates. New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted In January 2017 the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2017-01, Business Combinations: Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which revises the definition of a business under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 805 by providing a more robust framework to use in determining when a set of acquired assets and activities constitutes a business. We plan to adopt this update on January 1, 2018. We are still evaluating the impact that this update will have on our Consolidated Financial Statements. In August 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which eliminates diversity in practice related to how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. We adopted this update on January 1, 2017 and the adoption of this update will not have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements. In March 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation- Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This update simplifies the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as simplifying classification in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow. We adopted this update on January 1, 2017. If we adopted this update on January 1, 2016, the impact on our Consolidated Statements of Earnings would have been a tax benefit of $36 in 2016. The impact of adopting this update in 2017 on our Consolidated Financial Statements will depend on market factors, the timing and intrinsic value of future share-based compensation award vests and exercises. In February 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This update requires an entity to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for leases with lease terms greater than 12 months on the balance sheet. We plan to adopt this update on January 1, 2019. We are still evaluating the impact that this update will have on our Consolidated Financial Statements. In May 2014 the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This update outlines a single, comprehensive model for accounting for revenue from contracts with customers. We plan to adopt this update on January 1, 2018. The guidance permits two methods of adoption: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application (modified retrospective method). We anticipate adopting the standard using the modified retrospective method. There may be differences in timing of revenue recognition under the new standard compared to recognition under ASC 605 - Revenue Recognition. No other new accounting pronouncements were issued or became effective in the period that had, or are expected to have, a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements. NOTE 2 - FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories: Level 1 Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data. Level 3 Unobservable inputs reflecting our assumptions or external inputs from active markets. When applying the fair value principles in the valuation of assets and liabilities, we are required to maximize the use of quoted market prices and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. We calculate the fair value of our Level 1 and Level 2 instruments based on the exchange traded price of identical or similar instruments, where available, or based on other observable inputs taking into account our credit risk and that of our counterparties. Foreign currency exchange contracts and interest rate hedges are included in Level 2 as we use inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability. The Level 2 derivative instruments are primarily valued using standard calculations and models that use readily observable market data as their basis. Our Level 3 liabilities represent milestone payments for acquisitions. For certain Level 3 liabilities the Black-Scholes option pricing model was used to value the liabilities, while the fair value of other liabilities was estimated using a discounted cash flow technique. Significant unobservable inputs to this technique included our probability assessments

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